Flathead Cylinder Heads: These were the first type of cylinder heads. Flathead cylinder heads simply protect the cylinder block and have no moving parts. These cylinder heads do not allow for an efficient air flow, and thereby provide a poor engine performance.
Overhead Valve Cylinder Heads: These cylinders heads are superior to flathead cylinder heads. Overhead valve cylinder heads have the camshafts above them. These heads have their pushrods and valves connected to provide a smooth airflow.
Overhead Camshaft Cylinder Heads: These are the most advanced designs of cylinder heads. Overhead camshaft cylinder heads have the camshafts inside the cylinder head, eliminating the need of pushrods. This provides a better airflow, and in turn, increases the efficiency of the engine.